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20th century music period

Explore key works of early 20th-century classical music and discover the social, political and cultural contexts in which they were written. Along with acoustic instruments, electronic instruments started to be a part of the music scene. Bluegrass music is a form of American roots music, and a related genre of country music. This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 20:22. One of the key figures of the modernist movement was Arnold Shoenberg, who pioneered atonalism in the 1920s. However, modernism in music became increasingly prominent and important; among the most important modernists were Alexander Scriabin, Claude Debussy, and post-Wagnerian composers such as Gustav Mahler and Richard Strauss, who experimented with form, tonality and orchestration. [1] The introduction of multitrack recording in 1955 and the use of mixing had a major influence on pop and rock music, because it enabled record producers to mix and overdub many layers of instrument tracks and vocals, creating new sounds that would not be possible in a live performance. A particularly well-known 20th-century example is Jaromír Vejvoda’s Modřanská polka (1927), which became popular during World War II in Czechoslovakia as "Å koda lásky" ("A Waste of Love"), in Germany as the Rosamunde-Polka, and among the allied armies as the Beer Barrel Polka (as a song, known as "Roll out the Barrel"). New ways of thinking about tonality, rhythm and form were shaping the development of music. His ballets, including The Rite of Spring, The Firebird and Petruska, especially, have cemented Stravinsky as one of the most important composers of the 20th century. In the early decades of the 20th century, composers such as Julián Carrillo, Mildred Couper, Alois Hába, Charles Ives, Erwin Schulhoff, Ivan Wyschnegradsky turned their attention to quarter tones (24 equal intervals per octave), and other finer divisions. Stravinsky's works, particularly after the highly acclaimed The Rite of Spring, did not emphasize tonality but felt restrained. Neither of these operas were completed in their composers’ lifetimes, however, so that the first completed opera using the twelve-tone technique was Karl V (1938) by Ernst Krenek. Major rock groups that were early adopters of synthesizers include The Moody Blues, The Beatles,[16] The Monkees,[17] and The Doors. [12] In the United States, the "Eastern style" Polish urban polka remained popular until about 1965. Elsewhere, composers like Charles Ives made use of microtones. During the 20th century there was a large increase in the variety of music that people had access to. In Music. By taking recorded sounds – of instruments, the human voice or the natural environment, for example – composers like Pierre Boulez and Karlheinz Stockhausen would manipulate these raw materials and turn them into sort of musical collages. We hope you’ve enjoyed learning about and listening to some of this radical and hugely varied music. Composers such as Ralph Vaughan Williams, Aaron Copland, Alberto Ginastera, Carlos Chávez, Silvestre Revueltas, and Heitor Villa-Lobos used folk themes collected by themselves or others in many of their major compositions. [34], Some of the most important operas of the twenties and thirties were composed by the Russian Dmitri Shostakovich (The Nose, 1928 and Ledi Makbet Mtsenkovo Uyezda [Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District], 1932). Music and notation software have also revolutionised the ways in which we make music. The composers of this era attempted to describe scenes and evoke moods by the use of rich harmonies and a wide palette of timbre. He was born in Los Angeles, California, USA on September 5, 1912 and became one of the most original composers in the history of western music. 2 (Apr., 1947), pp. In music this was manifested in Neoclassicism, a movement that took influence from the Classical period. The major performing institutions of the 19th century have continued into the 21st century with only minimum structural change, except for a rather belated movement toward unionization of personnel; this development has of course improved the performers’ lot greatly, while increasing the costs of performance. [21], An important work on registering traditional tunes of the Balkanic region was that of Béla Bartók since it is probably the first composer who was interested in recording audios as well as analysing them from an ethnological point of view.[22]. Richard Middleton writes: Neat divisions between "folk" and "popular", and "popular" and "art", are impossible to find... arbitrary criteria [are used] to define the complement of "popular". Similar sympathies in the second half of the century are generally subsumed under the heading "postmodernism".[9]. It is, however, common opinion that musical tradition has ceased to be creative - that we have stopped creating and just embraced the works of old. While sound recording technology is often associated with the key role it played in enabling the creation and mass marketing of popular music, new electric and electronic sound recording technology was used to produce art music, as well. Music of the 20th Century...MUSIC OF THE 20th CENTURY Music of the 20th century Introduction In this history of music and arts, every period has its own characteristic style which is associated with the society from which it originated. The 20th century and beyond. One of the most particular[clarification needed] operas of the seventies was Le Grand Macabre, by György Ligeti. [27] Others, such as The Twa Sisters, also come from England; however, the lyrics are about Ireland. He made use of a prepared piano, which has objects placed on or between the strings to alter its sound, often making it more percussive. "Bluegrass gospel" has emerged as a third subgenre, which uses Christian lyrics, soulful three- or four-part harmony singing, and sometimes the playing of instrumentals. With the mass-market availability of gramophone records and radio broadcasts, listeners could purchase recordings of, or listen on radio to recordings or live broadcasts of a huge variety of songs and musical pieces from around the globe. Century had dominating styles and conventions composers such as the Twa Sisters also... 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Quirky happenings that you might have missed in history class style music and roll developed earlier.

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